Types Of Therapy

Full list of therapies that are approved by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) for specific anxiety conditions

Presenting Condition Recommended Nice Treatment
GAD – generalised Anxiety Disorder and panic in adults With or without Agoraphobia CBT and applied relaxation (CG113)
Panic Disorder CBT (CG113)
Social Anxiety disorder in adults CBT
Psychodynamic psychotherapy (CG159)
Social Anxiety disorder in children Group CBT focused therapy to include psychoeducation and skills training for parents
Individual CBT including exposure therapy (CG159)
Post-traumatic stress disorder in adults Individual trauma-focused CBT
Cognitive processing therapy
Cognitive therapy for PTSD
Narrative exposure therapy
Prolonged exposure therapy
Trauma-focused computerised CBT (NG116)
Post-traumatic stress disorder in children and young people CBT for age 7 to 17 years
EMDR for age 7-17 years
EMDR for age 7-17 (NG116)
OCD (Obsessive compulsive disorder) and body dysmorphic disorder in adults (other symptoms that come under OCD treatment are Trichotillomania and hoarding) CBT including exposure response prevention (ERP) (CG31)
OCD (Obsessive compulsive disorder) and body dysmorphic disorder in children CBT with ERP (CG31)
Irritable Bowel syndrome in adults CBT
Hypnotherapy and or psychological therapy (CG61 & QS114)
Depression in adults (including Seasonal Affective Disorder) CBT
Psychodynamic psychotherapy (CG90)
Depression in children CBT
Interpersonal Therapy (NG134)
Self-harm in over 8s Psychological intervention that is structured specifically for self-harm (CG133)
Antenatal and postnatal mental health Follow guidelines for Depression (CG192)
Phobias Counselling
Mindfulness (Guidance from https://www.nhs.uk/mental-health/conditions/phobias/treatment/)




What kind of therapy should I have?


Anxiety UK offers this via: Face to face, phone, webcam

How it works: Counselling is a form of talking therapy that allows you to speak openly about your feelings. It can help you process any negative thoughts and work through problems you are struggling with. A counsellor is trained to provide you a safe environment to express yourself, and will listen empathetically and without judgement. Counselling is helpful if you need extra support coping with difficult life events (losing your job, the end of a relationship). It can help you cope with and resolve feelings of shame, guilt, denial and anger.

How long does it last? Sessions typically last between 50 to 60 minutes with NICE guidelines recommending a course of 6-15 sessions to see lasting impact.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Anxiety UK offers this via: Face to face, phone, webcam

How it works: CBT involves examining your thoughts, feelings and behaviour patterns, and working out ways to remove yourself from these negative cycles. It mainly focuses on present concerns but certain CBT approaches can also address earlier traumatic memories that may contribute to your anxiety. CBT is very practical and your therapist may set you exercises such as thought journalling and different behavioural experiments as well as asking you to complete homework to supplement the discussions you have in the sessions. You will learn strategies that can be used in everyday life to manage your anxiety, even after your treatment has finished.

How long does it take? Sessions typically last between 50 to 60 minutes with NICE guidelines recommending a course of 6-15 sessions to see lasting impact.

ExtrResources: If you’re considering CBT, some initial reading material such as the recommended Overcoming series is an excellent introduction to CBT-based methods and will give you a better understanding of the treatment, as well as anxiety in general.

Clinical Hypnotherapy

Anxiety UK offers this via: Face to face, webcam

How it works: Clinical hypnotherapy is the use of hypnosis for the treatment and alleviation of a variety of physical and psychological symptoms. Hypnosis allows the subject to experience often quite deep levels of relaxation and so helps to reduce levels of stress and anxiety. Two important elements of this therapy are the ability to clearly imagine something that makes you feel anxious and then to attain a deeply relaxed state. Hypnosis helps to achieve both of these more easily and quickly than many other forms of treatment. Please note that clinical hypnotherapy may not be an appropriate support in more complex cases.

How long does it take?

A general clinical hypnotherapy session will usually last around 50 to 60 minutes, with a typical course of 4-6 sessions to see lasting impact.

Extra Resources: If you have an interest in clinical hypnotherapy and self-relaxation, downloading the Headspace app may be beneficial to you. Guided meditation and mindfulness teaches you to remain in the present when anxious thoughts are playing on your mind, and Headspace has specific modules for combating anxiety, panic, anger, stress and much more. Members of Anxiety UK also get a year’s subscription included in their membership!

Compassion Focused Therapy

Compassion focused therapy (CFT), developed by Professor Paul Gilbert OBE, is a psychological therapy approach that was originally developed to help people with high shame and self-criticism.

CFT centres on the three systems of emotion regulation that has evolved in humans over time; the threat (protection) system, the drive (resource seeking) system and the soothing system.

Does it work for anxiety?

Yes, CFT has been shown to be more effective for people who have high levels of shame and self-criticism that drives their anxiety than other more traditional forms of talking therapy. By addressing those patterns of shame and self-criticism, and developing your own self-compassion, CFT can be very helpful in the management of anxiety.

How does it work?

By emphasising the link between our thought patterns and the three emotion regulation systems, whilst also drawing on compassionate mind training and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) techniques, your therapist will help you manage each system more effectively and in doing so, help you respond more appropriately to situations or challenges you might be facing.

CFT can be delivered either as a stand-alone treatment/talking therapy approach in its own right, or can be blended with another form of talking therapy that your Anxiety UK Approved Therapist is trained & qualified to deliver e.g. clinical hypnotherapy, CBT or counselling.


How it works: Derived from Ancient Chinese medicine, acupuncture involves stimulating the sensory nerves under your skin by inserting very fine needles at certain places in the body. In response, the body releases pain-relieving endorphins which can help counteract the stress and tension caused by anxiety. You might also find acupuncture helpful as a supplementary therapy in addition to other treatments.

How long does it last? An initial acupuncture session usually lasts 30-60 minutes with a typical course of around 6 sessions to see lasting impact.

How do I apply for therapy with Anxiety UK

Anxiety UK’s therapy services are priced between £15-50 per session which is based on your household income. Unless we need any further permissions, typically you’d like linked up to see a therapist within 2 weeks.

See what therapists we have in your area, become a member and submit your therapy referral form  to get started with your application today!

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